Alcohol can be found in beverages such as beer, ciders, wine, and liquors. Consuming alcohol is known to cause cancer. The longer a person drinks regularly throughout their lifetime, the higher their risk of developing an alcohol-associated cancer.
The cancers that have been linked to alcohol consumption include head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, and colorectal cancer.
In the United States, a “standard drink” is a drink with 14 grams of pure alcohol. This amount of alcohol can typically be found in 12 ounces of beer, 8-9 ounces of malt liquor, 5 ounces of wine, or a shot of 80-proof liquor. In general, it is recommended that individuals do not drink, but for those who choose to consume alcohol, drinking should be done in moderation. Moderate drinking is defined as one drink per day for women, and two drinks per day for men. This is in contrast to heavy drinking (4 or more drinks on any day or 8 or more drinks per week for women, 5 or more on any day or 15 or more per week for men) and binge drinking (4 or more drinks in one sitting for women, 5 or more drinks for men in one sitting).
The best way to avoid the risks of cancer due to alcohol is to not drink. If you choose to drink alcohol, minimizing alcohol consumption can help to reduce the impacts of alcohol on cancer risk. Separate from overall alcohol intake, binge drinking has been associated with a number of cancers so it is important to minimize the number of drinks in a single setting