The following risk factors can increase your chance of having vulvar cancer. These include:
- Infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Genital warts.
- Older age
- Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Abnormal cells on the surface of vulvar skin, or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), can become a precursor to vulvar cancer
- Melanoma or unusual moles on part of the body