Multiple Myeloma: Diagnosis

A physician will perform a complete physical examination, then order the following diagnostic procedures if myeloma is suspected:

  •  X-rays and /or Computer Tomography of the bones
  • Blood and urine tests
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Using a combination of large magnets and radiofrequencies, a computer will produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.

  • Bone marrow aspiration and/or tissue biopsy

A physician will take a small amount of bone marrow fluid (aspiration) and/or solid bone marrow tissue (a core biopsy), then examine the sample looking at the number, size, and maturity of blood cells and/or abnormal cells. A bone marrow biopsy is performed by numbing the area—usually the back of the hip—and then inserting a needle into the bone to extract the marrow cells. (We will add a standard description of BM biopsy with graphic)