Liver function tests (LFTs). A series of blood tests can help assess the how well the liver is working.
Blood clotting tests A damaged liver may not make enough of the proteins that allow the blood to clot and therefore prevent bleeding
Tests for viral hepatitis Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) is linked both to cirrhosis of the liver (see above) and to liver cancer
Kidney function tests A series of blood tests can help assess the how well the kidneys are working.
Complete blood count (CBC) This test measures levels of red blood cells, white blood cells (which fight infections), and platelets (which help the blood clot). It also shows how well the bone marrow, where new blood cells are made, is functioning.
Blood chemistry tests and other tests Blood chemistry tests check the levels of a number of minerals and other substances in the blood, some of which might be affected by liver cancer.
Alpha-fetoprotein blood (AFP) test The AFP level can help determine what treatment options might be appropriate. Also ordered during treatment, to find out how well the therapy is working, or find out if the cancer has come back.
CA 19-9 Another tumor marker which tends to be elevated in patients with biliary cancers. Our group has shown that it also help to predict prognosis in patients with all kinds of liver cancer.