Vulvar Cancer: Risk Factors

The following risk factors can increase your chance of having vulvar cancer. These include:

  • Infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Genital warts.
  • Older age
  • Smoking
  • Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Abnormal cells on the surface of vulvar skin, or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), can become a precursor to vulvar cancer
  • Melanoma or unusual moles on part of the body