Ovarian Cancer: Diagnosis

Treatment for ovarian cancer often involves a combination of chemotherapy and surgery. Given the complexity of treatment for ovarian cancer, it is important that women receive care at a center with a specialized team devoted to ovarian cancer. Further, outcomes are improved for women with ovarian cancer when they are treated by a gynecologic oncologist. The most common initial treatments for ovarian cancer are either surgery or chemotherapy (neoadjuvant chemotherapy).

Prior to either surgery or neoadjuvant chemotherapy various tests may be ordered to help plan for treatment. These tests include:

  • Chest X-ray
  • CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis and sometimes chest
  • Tumor markers: Blood tests that may be elevated when a patient has cancer
  • CT guided tissue biopsy
  • Colonoscopy
  • Mammography