Cervical Cancer: Staging

The stage of a cervical cancer is determined by the size of the cervical cancer, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. A gynecologic oncologist may recommend a staging procedure, in which he or she performs an evaluation of the bladder, rectum, and the tissues surrounding the cervix. This is typically done as an outpatient procedure in the operating room under anesthesia. The gynecologic oncologist may also recommend imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI, or PET scans.

Cervical cancer stages:

  • Stage I — Cancer is only in the cervix.

  • Stage II — Cancer has spread beyond the cervix, but has not spread to the pelvic sidewall or the lower third of the vagina.

  • Stage III — Cancer has spread to the lower third of the vagina or to the pelvic sidewall.

  • Stage IV — Cancer has spread to the bladder, rectum, or other parts of the body, such as lungs, bone, or liver.